|The latter category would include most political parties other than , , and the||According to Syrian opposition sources, North Korea has sent army units to fight on behalf of Assad in the|
|" Similarly, Max Abrahms and John Glaser stated in the in December 2017 that "The evidence of Assad sponsoring Islamic State||Beshara, Louai 21 March 2004|
Iraqi president threatened Assad with an international tribunal over the matter, and ultimately lead to the , and United States airstrikes within Syria during the Iraq War.
|Egypt's support for a political solution was reaffirmed in February 2017||imposed limited sanctions against the Assad government in April 2011, followed by 's executive order as of 18 May 2011 targeting Bashar Assad specifically and six other senior officials|
|In the uncontested and non-democratic and , he received 97||Assad received his primary and secondary education in the in Damascus|
|Foreign relations Assad with Russian President in 2010 Iraq War and insurgency Assad opposed the despite a long-standing animosity between the Syrian and Iraqi governments||Hadid, Diaa 2 November 2014|
|Websites such as , YouTube, and Facebook were||Al-Qaeda and ISIL In 2001, Assad condemned the|
On 10 January 2012, Assad gave a speech in which he maintained the uprising was engineered by foreign countries and proclaimed that "victory [was] near".